Friday, November 30, 2012

Human commitment against poverty

Both promises fight against misery, as in the case that concerns us for example of Latin America, where countries that integrate it, even by adding those in the Caribbean, Central America at each meeting to celebrate emphasize find the way, commitments, financial aid that contrataquen misery, giving way to social and cultural projects that provide solutions to a reality that all these countries face. The Bank of the South is a project towards that goal.
Worrisome than all this, many times is that it stays in demagogy, promises that is they do not crystallize the fact, that every day increases the misery becomes worrisome, hunger rages, and there are thousands people who die, especially children, being in the scenarios a climate of alarmanete violence, as in the case of Venezuela.
In a letter of José Carlos García manifests, that a few days ago, Luis Inácio Lula da Silva, at the Summit of the initiative against hunger and poverty, described as "the worst of all weapons of mass destruction" hunger. The text stresses that, with the current technological progress, the persistence of this pest is "unreasonable, unacceptable and shameful". It is estimated that to rid that match about 50 billion dollars annually will be needed. Not only misery, but the deepening of differences between classes, societies and even Nations of the planet constitute a bomb that does not require any fundamentalist ideology to exploit in the developed world. A minority tired and a majority that sees through the media, can not live without serious problems.
The hunger of the world are $ 900 million empty stomachs, the majority located in Asia and Africa, according to the latest report from the UN. The number of undernourished people grows every year at five million, which authorizes the FAO to diagnose an outright "recession in the war against hunger". The number of those living in extreme poverty, which exceeds the billion is still greater.
Eight instruments were adopted at United Nations to end poverty by 2015. Of those measures depends on world peace in the 21st century. The effort required is small compared to the benefits it can bring to all the inhabitants of the planet, poor and non-poor: a world more just, more humane, more prosperous and more secure

Adds Garcia, that the instruments to facilitate the generation of the resources needed are: tax on capital movements. Tax on the arms trade. Public debt issuance to finance the future increases in development aid. The fight against tax evasion and tax havens that override the actual revenue capacity of developing countries. Improvement of remittances from immigrants, encrypted in some 86 billion dollars annually, exceeding the overall amount of aid and has a direct effect on growth. It is necessary to accelerate them and reduce them. Donations by credit card associated with the Millennium goals that allow users to automatically donate a small sum for each transaction and increase investment in ethical funds, or socially responsible investment (ISR), linked to objectives of promotion of employment, respect ecological and other social requirements. Spain and other countries are open to forgive debt to countries that apply strictly to development.

Lula, President of Brazil said at the G8 Summit, that hunger cannot wait. It is necessary to deal with structural and emergency measures. If all assume our responsibilities, we will create an atmosphere of greater equality and opportunity for all.
The world economy is showing worrying signs of recession. Social problems, such as unemployment, even in rich countries, increasingly are worsening. I am sure that one of the objectives of this meeting of the G8 is to find way to make the economy grow again. We need a new equation that allows to resume growth and include countries in development. The incorporation of the developing countries in the global economy necessarily passes through the access without discrimination to the markets of rich countries. We made a great effort and sacrifice to conquer the competitiveness. But how to compete freely in the midst of the war of subsidies and other mechanisms of protectionism, which create a true commercial exclusion? We do not come here to complain, or, simply, to swell the chorus of recriminations. We know what our responsibilities are. We are doing our part, executing economic policies balanced, combating waste and corruption, giving priority to institutions for the good functioning of our economies. We have demonstrated political will to combat the social imbalances and the po